BS EN 1307:2014 - Textile floor coverings. Classification
BS EN 1307 specifies the requirements for classification, domestic or commercial, of all carpets and carpet tiles, excluding rugs and runners into use classes. BS EN 1307 is linked to BS EN ISO 10874:2012, which is a classification system for resilient, textile and laminate floor coverings. The classification is based on practical requirements for areas of use and intensity of use.
The number of tests required to determine the end use classification is dependent on the style of carpet.
- Pile Carpets classification is based primarily on the appearance retention properties (Change of Appearance) with an additional surface pile density requirement for carpets with a pile content of ≥80% wool,
- Needled Carpets, flat and pile needled floor coverings, are classified using a combination of Abrasion Resistance, Hairiness (Pilling), General Structural Integrity, Change in Colour and Change of Appearance.
- Carpets without Pile (Flat Woven Carpets) are classified based on the Abrasion Resistance, General Structural Integrity and Change of Appearance properties.
- Flocked Carpets are classified using the Abrasion Resistance and Change of Appearance properties with an additional mandatory dimensional stability requirement.
For each style of carpet there is an additional Luxury Use Class.
There are basic performance requirements such as the carpets also have to meet such as colour fastness, fibre bind, dimensional stability, assessment of impregnation (flat needled carpets) properties together with requirements specifically for flocked carpets such as peel resistance and water impermeability.
There are requirements for additional performance properties listed these cover castor chair suitability, antistatic behaviour, acoustic properties, thermal resistance, suitability for humid conditions, suitability for use on stairs and fraying behaviour.
Carpet tiles have their own additional requirements listed in an Annex A of BS EN 1307 for total mass, dimensions, squareness and straightness of edges, dimensional stability, distortion out of plane and damage at a cut edge.
End Use Classifications
The end use classifications are defined in BS EN 1307 as follows:
Domestic use Commercial Use
Class 21 - Moderate Domestic Use Class 31 – Moderate Commercial Use
Class 22 - General Domestic Use Class 32 – General Commercial Use
Class 23 - Heavy Domestic Use Class 33 – Heavy Commercial Use
In addition to the end use classification the carpets are also given a Luxury Use Class from a LC1 – LC5, LC1 being the lowest class and LC5 being the highest.
For further information, please contact Paul Doherty (Paul.Doherty@bttg.co.uk), alternatively please call +44 (0)113 2591 999.